Part 1: Design

Section A: Elements and Principles

Define in sentence form the following term and discuss how it, when incorporated into a handspun yarn, contributes to the overall design in weaving, knitting, crocheting and lace making.


Unity is the harmonious combination of all elements into a single design, not just a collection of parts. Unity is not a single concept but a combination of other design principles such as balance and proportion. Color and shape are often important components of unity in a design, a single dominant color or an overall pattern can contribute to unity (image 6.) The rhythm of repeated elements is another common aspect of unity, the sameness/differentness of elements can be a balanced part of a design or be either overly busy or uniformly monotonous. There is no mechanical process of combining elements to produce unity, it is the perception by the viewer, influenced by personal interpretation and context.

A yarn can reflect multiple design principles, each contributing to a sense of unity in the finished fabric. The colors in particular yarns may be the unifying element, or an underlying pattern of textures. Unity of design for textiles is not only visual design. Most textiles are functional objects designed to be used, and how they feel in the hand contributes just as much to the overall design as any visual element. For example, hard and soft yarns can be an element of unity in a fabric.


Maximum 12 points

Examiner 1: 12
Examiner 2: 8